Chapter 1 Choose your birth location and birth team wisely
Chapter 2 Childbirth education
Short Paragraph about what these methods are
- Birthing from Within
- Bradley Method
- The International Childbirth Education Association: ICEA
- Childbirth and Postpartum Professional Association: CAPPA
Short Paragraph about these authors
- Penny Simpkin
- Sheila Kitzenger
- Ina May Gaskin
- Elizabeth Davis
- Debra Pascali-Bonaro
Chapter 3 Optimal fetal positions during pregnancy
Chapter 4 Yoga
- Yoga during pregnancy: effects on maternal comfort, labor pain and birth outcomes.Summary:
- This study examined the effects of a yoga program during pregnancy on maternal comfort, labor pain and birth outcomes. A randomized trial was conducted using 74 primigravida (first time pregnant) Thai women who were equally divided into two groups (experimental and control).
- The yoga program involved six, 1-hour sessions at prescribed weeks of gestation. A variety of instruments were used to assess maternal comfort, labor pain and birth outcomes. The experimental group was found to have higher levels of maternal comfort during labor and 2 hours post-labor and experienced less subject evaluated labor pain than the control group.
- In each group, pain increased and maternal comfort decreased as labor progressed. No differences were found between the groups regarding Pethidine usage, labor augmentation or newborn Apgar scores at 1 and 5 min.
- The experimental group was found to have a shorter duration of the first stage of labor, as well as the total time of labor.
Chapter 5 Avoid induction
Chapter 6 Create your environment
Chapter 10 Sensation Control: Believe in your body
- A Complaint Free World
- Orgasmic Birth
- Heart Math Institute
- Ocean Relaxation
This relaxation brings the listener to a beautiful beach and allows her to float in a pool of water. This relaxation is a perfect accompaniment to a midday nap as it takes the place of a couple of hours of sleep. It is best not to do this or other relaxations first thing in the morning or right before bed, instead use it to recharge after a long day at work or home, or a midday nap.
Most women believe that childbirth will be the most excruciating experience of their lives. This belief comes from a lifetime of conditioning through media and stories passed down from generations of women. This belief creates an assumption that childbirth is something to be feared and treated as a negative necessity to producing a beautiful new life. This recording was developed to assist in creating positive birth experiences by redefining the sensations felt during labor. It is best used in the months prior to delivering your baby.
These recordings SHOULD NOT be listened to while driving or participating in any activity that requires your full attention.
Glossary of Terms
Cesareans, also called C-Sections or Cesarean Births, are major abdominal surgeries to deliver one or more babies, and are performed when mother’s and/or baby’s health is at risk.
Bikini-cut cesareans were first performed in the early 1900s by Hermann Johann Pfannenstiel. Instead of a vertical cut for the abdominal surgery, it uses a horizontal cut from one side of the abdomen to the other just above the patient’s pubic hair.
Gut microbiota is the community of microorganisms living in the digestive tracts, established in babies between one to two years after birth.
Transfusion (or fetomaternal haemorrhage) is when fetal blood cells enter the maternal circulation. It is quite common in small volumes – occurring in most pregnancies without clinical significance – however large volumes of fetomaternal transfusion can have serious consequences for the foetus (such as severe anaemia or still birth).
Hysterectomy most commonly refers to the removal of the uterus, but can also refer to the removal of the cervix and/or ovaries depending on the case.
Placenta previa is a condition during pregnancy where the placenta is partially or totally covering the cervix.
Placental abruption is when the placenta partially or completely separates from the uterine wall.
IV is an abbreviation for intravenous, referring to the administration of fluids into a vein.
VBAC is the abbreviation that refers to a successful “vaginal birth after a cesarean”.
TOLAC is the abbreviation for “trial of labor after a cesarean section”, meaning the attempt to deliver vaginally after a cesarean.
A midwife is a person assisting at a childbirth who has received specialized training in obstetrics and childcare but is not a physician.
The term ‘doula’ originates from the greek word doule, meaning servant; they are (mostly) women providing emotional, physical and informational support to women before, during and after labor.
Moxibustion comes from traditional Chinese and Japanese medicine and is an acupuncture technique involving the burning of the herb moxa close to the skin and specific acupoints.
An ultrasound is when sound waves at a very high frequency are used for fetal monitoring. It can be used to identify size, gestational age and position of the fetus, and also can help determine the placement of the placenta and umbilical cord. It might detect some fetal anomalies or fetal death, and facilitates other diagnostic procedures, for example amniocentesis.
When someone’s “water breaks”, there has been a rupture of membranes; the spontaneous rupture of the amniotic sac is a sign of the start of labor.
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes developing or diagnosed during pregnancy. It might lead, if untreated, to complications such as preeclampsia or a high fetal birth weight.
Shoulder dystocia refers to the position of a fetus during the pushing stage of labor when the fetus’ shoulder is stuck behind the birthing person’s pubic symphysis.
Preeclampsia, formerly called toxemia, is a condition characterized by hypertension occurring in late pregnancy or postpartum, typically accompanied by edema (swelling) and large amounts of protein in the urine (proteinuria).
Prostaglandins are hormone-like chemicals that are both naturally produced and artificially created that can be used to induce labor by ripening the cervix. The rupture of membranes increases the natural production of prostaglandins, speeding up contractions and softening the cervix. Another natural source of prostaglandins is male’s semen and an example of synthetic prostaglandins is Misoprostol.
A Foley catheter is a small, thin tube inserted into the bladder by an inflatable balloon to drain the bladder administered most usually after an epidural.
Oxytocin is the body’s naturally produced hormone responsible for uterus-contractions during childbirth. The hormone is important during childbirth and also afterwards for getting the uterus back to its normal size and shape. It encourages the breasts to release milk and also influences bonding habits in relationships such as care taking and parental or partner bonding. It is also known as the love hormone.
Pitocin is a trademark for a synthetic drug preparation attempting to mimic oxytocin. It is used to induce or speed up the pace of labor and control postpartum bleeding.
The kick test (fetal movement counts) is used by women to monitor fetal wellbeing and is best performed after 28 weeks.
Prodromal labor is the early period in childbirth before uterine contractions become forceful and frequent enough to result in progressive dilation of the uterine cervix. In this period, cervical dilatation is minimal. Findings include this period to include excessive vaginal discharge, softening and the beginning of effacement of the cervix, scant bloody show associated with expulsion of the mucus plug, and diarrhea.
- Depending on the country, situation and specific doctor protocols, the timing of induction can vary. In the US, it is recommended to allow women to wait until 42 weeks to deliver if there are no other complications; in some countries it is common to induce much earlier.
- Possible negative side effects of ingesting castor oil include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, nausea and vomiting. Some medical professionals are also concerned that ingesting castor oil might increase the risk of the baby having its first bowel movement in utero.
- Morphine will likely only be given to women when they are experiencing prolonged periods of contractions that are not resulting in dilation or labor progression (prodromal labor) because the effects last much longer than other narcotics (five hours in mom, eight hours in baby).
- Epidurals have been known to slow down labor as well as speed it up, depending on the circumstances.